Ecozones And Environment

       
        Ecozones are regions that are divided by the type of land and how the living things in these regions use them. Ecozones help classify places using infomration like climate, GDP, population and much more. In British Columbia there are three dominant ecozones. These ecozones in order from least significant (size) to most significant are: Montane Cordillera, Pacific Maritime, Boreal Cordillera.  The Boreal plains as well as the Taiga plains also cover a very small area of British Columbia. 


Montane Cordillera

Area And Climate
        The Montane Cordillera is the largest ecozone in B.C. with 461000km2 of land and this land conists of Mountains, plains plus Plateaus. The Climate of the Montane Cordillera allows a pretty good amount of growth. With moderate winters and a pretty warm temperature of 15ºC, there is no doubt that there will be a large amount of precipitation. This is true, there is about 500mm to 1000mm of precipitation and the growing season is usually 140-240 days.
Vegetation And Soils
        In this ecozone there is some variety of trees, although most forests are composed of Coniferous trees. There are also Engelmann spruce, Ponderosa pine and Douglas Fir trees.
After learning about the various amounts of vegetation, it can also be determined that there are a various amount of soils.
Human Activities
        The total population of this ecozone is about 452 000 people. These people also produce 14 billion dollars a year. The main industires include Forestry, Agriculture, and tourism.  The Montane Cordillera is a rather significant ecozone to the province as it has a large population and provides a large sum of money (14billion). There is a strong correlation between population and GDP in ecozones. When the population is high, the GDP is high. When the population is low, the GDP is low. This is because there are more people driving more cars which has a higher sum of money. There are also more people earning more salaries which adds to the GDP.

Pacific Maritime Ecozone
Area And Climate
        The Pacific Maritime Ecozone is only located in the province of B.C. and it is 196 000km2. This ecozone is made up of Mountains and small areas of coastal plains.  The winters are very mild and remain at about 3 celsius although the summers are rather moderate and remain at 15 degrees celsius. This climate is mainly caused by the Moderating Effect of water. The winter is warm because the water is still warm from summer and it heats up the land. The summers are cool because the water becomes cold and cools off the land in the summer. Due to the climate there is a lot of evaporation and therefore a lot of precipitation. There is about 600-2000mm of precipitation per year and the growing season lasts 200-260 days.
Vegetation And Soils
        The vegetation in this ecozone contains a vast variety of large trees but once again mainly coniferous trees. There are also western red cedar trees, Douglas fir, western hemlock,sitka and spruce trees. This large variety of trees is caused by the large variety of soils. Due to the great amount of rainfall there are larger trees in this ecozone then most other parts of Canada. There are various trees and soils in this ecozone.
Human Activities
        This is a rather crucial ecozone to B.C and all of Canada’s economy. About 60 billion dollars is produced annualy. This is because of the huge population of people which is around 3 million. This ecozone in B.C also has a huge amount of urbanization that takes place and therefore there are many buildings with large values that add to the GDP of this ecozone.The main industries are forestry, urbanization, agriculture and fishing. The major cities are Vancouver and Victoria.
 
Boreal Cordillera Ecozone

Area And Climate
        The Boreal Cordillera ecozone is mainly in the north west corner of British Columbia. The total area that this ecozone takes up is about 432 000km2.This ecozone is completed with Mountains and some hills. The climate of this ecozone is mainly effected by latitude because the location of this ecozone is in North British columbia. The heat from the sun is less concentrated and therefore there are long cold winters at about -21celsius and short cool summers of about 12celsius. Therefore due to this cold climate there is a limited amount of precipitation. This is because when it is cold the air is thin and therefore the air can’t hold a lot of precipitation. Due to this, preciptitation can’t gather and thats why there is a small amount of precipitation. There is about 300-500mm of precipitation every year and the growing season is short and lasts 125-150 days.
Vegetation And Soils
        It is obvious that because of the lack of precipitation there will be a lack of vegetation. In this case it’s true and this is justified because in this ecozone there are only three types of trees. Coniferous trees, White spruce and subalpine fir trees. Although there is a limited variety of trees there is still a large variety of soils.  
Human Activities
        With GDP , the rule is that with a larger population there will be a bigger GDP. This is definately eveidence in this ecozone. There are amazingly, only 16 000 people on this ecozone. Therefore the GDP stands very low at only 0.9 billion dollars. The main industries are hunting, trapping, forestry, tourism and mining. There is a small population mainly because the weaher is very cold and also people are moving into larger cities down south. These large cities have settled down south because they are near large bodies of water ( Great Lakes ) and therefore have better sources of water.


    After reading this information we hope that you realize that classifying ecozones are very imporatant. Geologists or anyone, can analyze where we are making all of the money and how other ecozones can match up to these successful ecozones and become larger contributions. Ecozones classify regions by information.