Physical Geography

The Earth in Space

Important concepts you should know:

The importance of the study of Physical Geography.
The relationship between the earth, the universe, the galaxy and the solar system.
The relationship between the spheres of the earth and in particular the workings of the Biosphere.
The members of the solar system: the planets, meteors, asteroids, comets and the sun and some interesting facts that go with them.
The theories involved in the creation of the earth, the universe and the solar system.
The relationships between the motions of the earth and our everyday lives.
The importance of the moon and its effect on life on earth.
The interesting connection of the stars, the zodiac, the constellations and Astrology.
All the key terms involved in the study of Astronomy.

Assessment and Evaluation:

Turned in assignments will be evaluated (unless indicated otherwise) by the Rubrics found after each task.

Tasks:

Introduction to Physical Geography

1. Click here to view the introductory slide show to the course.

2. The animated GIF above (just below the title) tries to cycle through the spheres of the earth. Observe the GIF and see if you can identify the spheres.

3. Needless to say human activity on the earth is destroying or altering the life layer. One good example is the summer we just had and all the sun screen you must of used. Write a brief report (3 to 5 pages) describing three human activities and there effects on the life layer of the earth. Include in your report how humans have been affected by these changes. Also include any solutions or recommendations given to repair any damage done. These human activities can have local or global consequences.
Here are some key words to use in your search:

To help you in your search, click here to view a document that explains not only how to fine tune your searches but lists some of the more popular search engines used on the Internet. On some assignments you will be given some sites to start your research off, but on others it is up to you to find the sites.

Evaluation

Click here to see the evaluation rubric for the report.

The origins of the Universe and the Solar System

4. There are a number of theories as to how the Universe and the Solar System was created. Click here to view the slide show the introduces those theories.

5. Research a more detailed description of the Big Bang theory and other theories for the origins of the Universe.

Here are some sites to get you started:

http://www.the-cosmos.com/data/english/enhanced/
http://map.gsfc.nasa.gov/m_uni.html
http://dir.yahoo.com/Science/Astronomy/
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/planetary_home.html
http://geog.ouc.bc.ca/physgeog/contents/5a.html
http://www.u.arizona.edu/~clmoore/origins.html
http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/

Evaluation

Click here to see the evaluation rubric that will be used to evaluate your report.

6. Bonus Activity: Build your own solar system!

http://www.exploratorium.edu/ronh/solar_system/index.html

Evaluation

To be announced.

The Planets

7. Click here to view the slide show that gives you some basic facts on each of the nine planets.

8. Create and complete a Planet chart (the nine planets plus the sun) to compare the planets at a quick glance. Your chart should have the following headings:

Hand in the chart for marking.

Check the following web sites for the information:

http://seds.lpl.arizona.edu/nineplanets/nineplanets/nineplanets.html
http://pds.jpl.nasa.gov/planets/welcome.htm
http://dir.yahoo.com/Science/Astronomy/
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/planetary_home.html
http://www.solarviews.com/eng/homepage.htm
http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/
http://earthspace.net/solar_system/Jupiter_html/jupiter.html

Evaluation

Click here to see the evaluation rubric that will be used to evaluate your chart.

Meteors and Comets

9. Click here to view the slide show on Meteors and Comets. Simply take notes and highlight the key terms.

The Sun and The Stars

10. Click here to view the slide show on the Sun and the Stars. Simply take notes and highlight the key terms.

The Constellations

11. Click here to view the slide show on the Constellations.

12. Go to the following site and view the constellations that form the Zodiac. First view the picture with just the stars and then view with the stars connected with lines. Do this for at least three constellations. Find out which constellation is in tonight's sky and if it is clear try and find it tonight! Hand in two images (both hand drawn) of the Constellation that you viewed at night with and without the lines showing the constellation. Also include the date that you did your viewing.

http://www.astro.uiuc.edu/~kaler/sow/const.html

These other sites are just some more info on constellations and viewing the night sky.

http://www.earthsky.com/Features/Skywatching/
http://dir.yahoo.com/Science/Astronomy/
http://www.astronomy.com/home.asp

Evaluation

This assignment is worth 10 marks. You will get 10/10 if you hand in the two diagrams along with the date. If the diagrams are not clearly labeled or are incomplete then marks of course will be deducted. If the date is missing two marks will be deducted. Labeling involves drawing in the lines that form the shape of the particular constellation. Labeling also includes the title and the identification of any major stars found in that constellation.

13. What sign are you? What characteristics does your sign have? Does it relate to you? Write down your horoscope for the next three days. Document what happened during those three days. Was your horoscope correct? If it was way off say so. In your opinion is there any validity to Astrology?

http://horoscopes.astrology.com/
http://www.inx.net/horoscope/

Evaluation

This assignment is out of 10. You will receive a 10 if you follow the instructions above. If your opinion is weak and disinterested you will lose marks. Even if your horoscope is way off, make note of it and give your comments.

The Creation of the Earth

14. Click here to view a short slide show on the creation of the Earth. Simply take notes.

The Moon - Phases, Tides and Eclipses

15. Click here to view the slide show on the moon, its phases, the creation of tides and eclipses.

16. View the animated GIF on the Lunar Phases above and view the animated GIFs on a Lunar Eclipse and a Solar Eclipse below:


 

Answer the following questions:

a. What is the difference between an Lunar Eclipse and a Lunar Phase?
b. Why don't we have a Lunar Eclipse each month or more often?
c. What is the difference between a Lunar Eclipse and a Solar Eclipse?
d. Why is it dangerous to view a Solar Eclipse but not a Lunar Eclipse?
e. Describe what the two shadows Umbra and Penumbra are?
f. Search the web and find out when the next type of eclipses will occur over Toronto:

Please state the date, the year and the time of day that these eclipses will occur.

Evaluation

This assignment is worth 15 marks. Questions a to e are worth 2 marks each and question f is worth 5 marks. You will get full marks for answering each question correctly and completely. Use diagrams wherever possible, they will help a lot. Note: You can use some of the web sites listed on this page to help you get started.

17. Describe what life would be like on earth if there was no moon. If you have trouble finding information on this topic a hint would be to research what the moon does do for life on earth and then speculate what would happen if the moon was gone.

http://dir.yahoo.com/Science/Astronomy/
http://seds.lpl.arizona.edu/nineplanets/nineplanets/luna.html
http://www.yorkfilms.com/production/nomoon.html (its a movie, but it has a little info)
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/moonfact.html
http://www.moon-watch.com/
http://www.solarviews.com/eng/moon.htm
http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/

Evaluation

Click here to view the rubric that will be used to evaluate the report.

The Motions of the Earth

19. Click here to view the slide show on the Motions of the Earth.

20.  View the following movies (they are in .mov format created in Quicktime). Take notes on what the movies are trying to teach you. Relate the content to your everyday life on this planet. Prepare a test question for each movie that you may ask if you were preparing a test. Also hand in your notes to the movies.

Click here to see a movie on the Sun's movement in the sky.

Click here to see the Sun's position and how to effects the length of day.

Click here to see the relationships between the Earth and the Sun.

Evaluation

Click here to view the rubric that will be used to evaluate the report.

Life on other Worlds!

21. Is there life on other worlds? What do the experts say? What is your opinion on this subject?

http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/
http://astrobiology.arc.nasa.gov/roadmap/goals/g7_signature_life.html
http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1996/6/96.06.07.x.html#a
http://www.seti-inst.edu/

Evaluation

Click here to view the rubric that will be used to evaluate the report.
 
 

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